The Assess Risks objective guides EmerGeo’s Framework for Resilience and helps set priorities, suggests protective measures, and ensures the greatest effort is devoted to the greatest need.
The entire process can be is often referred to as a Hazard, Risk, Vulnerability and Capability Assessment (HRVCA). This assessment encapsulates:
- The process for evaluating relative risks associated with technological, natural and human caused hazards/threats
- Assists in understanding probabilities and consequences
- Identifies vulnerable populations and infrastructure
- Provides a Gap Analysis of Capability to meet Risks
- Separates fact from fiction
In the past, this was accomplished by compiling reams of data and placing them in binders that eventually ended up being put on a shelf in storage. This resulted in a static information snapshot; not the dynamic, living information necessary for keeping mitigation plans, response plans and recovery plans ready for any situation. The information gathered during the HRCVA also provides critical information necessary in the building of hazard specific exercise programs that leverage the relative risks and the resources available for response.
EmerGeo Fusionpoint software simplifies this task and provides an ideal platform for collecting, mapping and managing the hazards, risks, vulnerabilities and capabilities data as well as providing a robust technology platform for utilizing the resulting information when performing ‘what if’ analysis.
Why Assess Risks?
- Required by some Legislation/Insurers
- Supports decisions about mitigation
- Supports Details of Response Plans (e.g. evacuation routes)
- Supports Details of Recovery Plans (e.g. where to relocate business)
A Subject Matter Expert (SME) is engaged to conduct an HRVCA. Using EmerGeo mapping, the SME gathers data on Hazards/Threats using a matrix and then defines the relative risk associated with the identified hazards or threats.
This information is then plotted on an EmerGeo map, with links to the underlying reports, photos and other data gathered. By running an EmerGeo mapping model based on the hazard, the resulting map overlay can quickly help identify populations, critical infrastructure, environmental, and other vulnerabilities at risk.
Next, specific data on response capabilities, resources, and facilities is plotted on an EmerGeo map. This aggregate view can immediately be used for tactical awareness. Additionally, this composite view becomes a critical input for:
- Mitigation plans: Where and how high to build flood berms, what buildings may need structural reinforcement, etc.
- Response plans: Resource tables are populated, pre determined locations for staging and marshalling areas established, response routes defined and plotted, photos/plans of facilities linked, etc.
- Recovery plans: Information can be used for re-zoning purposes after a disaster. Since pre-disaster conditions have been captured, government financial assistance can be processed more efficiently.
- Preparedness activities: Purchasing equipment is more efficient because you know what type and how much and where to locate it. Training programs can be tailored to match the identified hazards and which ones require more urgent training. Exercise programs can be developed based on realistic scenarios (EmerGeo’s historical logs/maps) and executed with fewer people in the simulation cell since Fsuionpoint can provide pre-populated and automated ‘injects’.